dheu-2, dhu̯-ēi-

dheu-2, dhu̯-ēi-
    dheu-2, dhu̯-ēi-
    English meaning: to vanish, faint, die
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “hinschwinden, bewußtlos werden, sterben”
    Material: Goth. diwans (*dhéu̯-ono-) “perishable, mortal”, ablaut. O.H.G. touwen, O.S. dōian “die”, O.N. deyja, dō (*dōw), düinn “die”; Goth. dauÞs “ dead “, also af-dauiÞs “ afflicted “, O.H.G. tōt, O.E. dēad, O.N. dauðr “ dead “, Goth. dauÞus “death”, O.H.G. tōd, O.E. dēaÞ, O.N. dauð-r, -ar and dauðe “death”; O.Ir. duine (*dhu-n-i̯o-), pl. dōini (*dheu̯en-i̯o-), Welsh dyn, Corn. Bret. den “person” (“mortal, human being”, Brugmann ZfceltPh. 3, 595 ff.); s. also under ĝhðem-; perhaps Lat. fūnus (fōnus?) n. “ a funeral, burial. Transf., the corpse; death; destruction, ruin; a cause of ruin “, whether from *dheu̯(e)-nos “ in death “; formally, nevertheless, exactly = O.Ir. n. s-stem dūn “fortress”, probably originally “ hill castle “ (see under dheu-4 S. 263);
    Note: common Lat. d- > f- shift. after Marstrander Pré s . à nasale inf . 151 here O.Ir. -deda “ dwindles away “ from *dhedhu̯- ü-t; compare also above under dhē-3; in Gmc. also the meaning “ insensible, become unconscious “, awN.. dü (*dawa) “ unconsciousness, faint, swoon “, preterit dō also “ became numbed “ (of limbs), O.S. düna “ faint, pass out “, Nor. daana “ become stiff, become lame (from limbs), faint, pass out “ (Ableit. from participle düinn ), Ice. doði “ insensibility “, doðna “ become unfeeling, became numbed “, Goth. usdauÞs “ not indolent, diligent, active, quick, unwearied, indefatigable, energetic, eager “, O.H.G. tawalōn “ to dwindle, to die “, Dutch dauwel “ sluggish woman “; further O.N. dü also “ delight of the soul “ (“*anesthetization “), dü (*dawēn) “ admire, venerate “; O.N. dün f. “death”. extension dhu-̯ ēi-: dhu-̯ ī- in: Arm. di, gen. dioy “ dead body, corpse”, O.Ir. dīth (*dhu̯ītu-) “end, death”; O.E. dwīnan (st. V.) “ abate, dwindle “, besides dem nōn-Verb O.N. duīna and duena ds.; O.E. dwǣ scan “ annul, annihilate “ (*dwaiskjan), Lith. dvìsti “die” (Būga by Endzelin KZ. 52, 123). maybe Alb.Tosk (dvìsti) vdes, Gheg dekë “die” [commom Alb. -s- > -k- shift]. Clearly from Root dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆ s- : “to dissipate, blow, etc. *breathe, breathe out the spirit, perish, die” derived Root dheu-2, dhu-̯ ēi- : “to vanish, faint, die”. As Lith. dvìsti “die” : Lith. dvesiù, dvesiaũ, dve ̃sti “ breathe, breathe out the spirit, perish, die “ (see below);
    References: WP. I 835, WH. I 451, 568.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆ s- —     dheu̯es , dhu̯ē̆s , dheus , dhū̆ s     English meaning: to dissipate, blow, etc. *scatter, dust, rain, breathe, perish, die     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘stieben, stäuben, wirbeln (nebeln, regnen, Dunst, Staub; aufs seelische Gebiet angewendet:… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dheu-4, dheu̯ǝ- (dhu̯ē-, extended dhuē̯ -k-, dhuē̯ -̆ s-) —     dheu 4, dheu̯ǝ (dhu̯ē , extended dhuē̯ k , dhuē̯ ̆ s )     English meaning: to reel, dissipate, blow, *smoke, dark, gray, deep etc.     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘stieben, wirbeln, especially von Staub, Rauch, Dampf; wehen, blow, Hauch, Atem;… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dheu-b-, dheu-p- —     dheu b , dheu p     English meaning: deep, *black, bottom, dark waters     Deutsche Übersetzung: “tief, hohl”     Note: The shift gʷ > b , kʷ > p is a common Gk. phonetic mutation hence all other IE tongues borrowed Root dheu b , dheu p …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dheu-1 —     dheu 1     English meaning: to run, *stream, flow     Deutsche Übersetzung: “laufen, rinnen”     Material: O.Ind. dhávatē “runs, streams “, lengthened grade dhü vati ds., dhüuti ḥ f. “wellspring, stream, brook”; M.Pers. dawīdan “run,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dheu-3 —     dheu 3     English meaning: shining, to shine     Deutsche Übersetzung: “blank, glänzen”     Material: O.Ind. dhavalá “gleaming white”, dhü vati “makes blank, purifies, cleans, swills “, Av. fraδavata “ rubbed off (cleaning) “; Gk. θοός …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dheuə- — To close, finish, come full circle. Oldest form *dheuə₂ . Probably related to dheu 2, “to die.” 1. Suffixed zero grade form *dhū no (< *dhuə no ), enclosed, fortified place; hill fort. a. (i) down1, down3, from Old English dūn, hill; (ii) …   Universalium

  • dheu- — I. dheu 1 To flow. a. dew, from Old English dēaw, dew; b. sundew, from Middle Dutch dau, dew; c. Germanic compound *melith dauwaz (see melit ). a c all from Germanic …   Universalium

  • dhem-, dhemǝ- —     dhem , dhemǝ     English meaning: to smoke; to blow     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘stieben, rauchen (Rauch, Dunst, Nebel; nebelgrau, rauchfarben = dũster, dunkel), wehen, blasen (hauchen = riechen)”     Material: O.Ind. dhámati “blows” (dhami… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dāu-, dǝu-, dū̆ - —     dāu , dǝu , dū̆     English meaning: to burn     Deutsche Übersetzung: 1. “brennen”, 2. “verletzen, quälen, vernichten, feindselig”     Note: uncertainly, whether in both meaning originally identical (possibly partly as “ burning pain “,… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • dei-1, dei̯ǝ-, dī-, di̯ā- —     dei 1, dei̯ǝ , dī , di̯ā     English meaning: to shine; day; sun; sky god, god     Deutsche Übersetzung: “hell glänzen, schimmern, scheinen”     Note: (older “*dart rays”?)     Note: The origin of the sky god was Anatolia, where the Sumerian… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”